EEOICPA Clinton

Documents, EPA, NIOSH, DOL, DOE

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Clinton Engineer Works, Oak Ridge Tennessee

 

Clinton Engineer Works DiplomaClinton Engineer Works

Clinton Engineer Works is a DOE facility for 1943-1949 so workers are eligible to file both Part B and Part E claims.

Clinton has a Special Exposure Cohort that covers all employees with specific cancers and with at least 250 days employment from January 1, 1943-December 31, 1949.

In September 1942 (or 1943 according to DOE) the US War Department acquired 58,575 acres near Knoxville Tennessee.  The site was named Clinton Engineer Works in early 1943.  A Special Exposure Cohort is in effect from January 1, 1943 through December 31, 1949.

In 1943, as part of the Manhattan Engineer District, the US. Government purchased 59,000 acres 12 miles west of Knoxville, Tennessee because it needed a remote location to build production plants and laboratories to produce plutonium and enriched uranium for the atomic bomb project. This facility was known as the Clinton Engineer Works (CEW) and was referred to generally as Oak Ridge. The entire CEW was bounded by security fences from February 1943 through March 1949. Within the CEW were the processing plants, known as Y-12, K-25 and X-10 (now ORNL) each of which had its own security fence (a fence within a fence) and has been designated separately for purposes of the EEOIPCA. During this time, Roane Anderson Company managed, operated and maintained residences, apartment, dormitories, guest houses, barracks, hutments, trailers, restaurants, cafeterias, buses, roads, streets, sidewalks, garbage and sewage disposal, heating plants and more for the CEW. Roane did not, however, operate the processing plants and laboratories. The CEW gates came down in March 1949. This meant that people no longer needed a security clearance to enter the CEW, though clearances were still required to enter the plants and laboratories. The fences surrounding the processing plants also remained. It was also in 1949 that the privatization of what is today known as the City of Oak Ridge began.

Alternative Names

  • Site X
  • Early name of Oak Ridge
  • CEW
  •  

    DOE

    Neither Legacy Management or Environmental Management has a separate Clinton Engineer Works webpage.

    DOE Contractor

    Roane Anderson

     

    DOL

    DOL provides Part B and Part E statistics on Clinton Engineer Works but no Site Exposure Matrix.

     

    NIOSH

    NIOSH lists statistics for Clinton Engineer Works dose reconstructions.  NIOSH has a webpage on Clinton Engineer Works.  NIOSH has a webpage on Clinton's Special Exposure Cohort.

     

    Other

  • Wikipedia has a page on Clinton Engineer Works
  • The Atomic Archive has a Clinton Engineer Works page
  •  

     Clinton Engineer District Documents

  • The Metal Fabrication Program for the Clinton Engineer Works and the Hanford Engineer Works-August 1945
  • TID-5210 Vacuum Problems and Techniques-January 1950
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     Photos courtesy of DOE and Library of Congress