EEOICPA Dayton Project

Bonebrake, Runnymede, Unit 1, Unit 3, Unit 4, Warehouse, Monsanto, Army Corps, DOE, DOE, EPA,NIOSH, Documents  

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 Dayton Project, Oakwood and Dayton Ohio

 

Dayton Project Unit 3-Bonebrake Seminary in Dayton OhioDayton Project

The Dayton Project is a DOE facility for July 14-1950 so workers are eligible to file for both Part B and Part E claims.

The Dayton Project is an SEC site.  Atomic Weapons Employer employees who were monitored or should have been monitored for exposure to ionizing radiation while working at Monsanto Chemical Company Units I, III, or IV in Dayton, Ohio, for a number of work days aggregating at least 250 work days during the period from January 1, 1943, through December 31, 1949, or in combination with work days within the parameters established for one or more other classes of employees in the SEC.

In 1943, the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) began the Dayton Project to investigate the chemistry and metallurgy of polonium. Because Monsanto Chemical Company was already working with polonium, it was chosen as contractor for the project.

In 1943, the MED-contracted work was performed at Monsanto’s Nicholas Road location (Unit I). As the project expanded, it moved into an old building belonging to the Dayton school district at 1601 West First Street, and by October 1944 all operations had been transferred to this location from Unit I. This site became known as Unit III. In early 1944 it became apparent that the space at Unit III was also inadequate, so the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers used a judicial proceeding to obtain ownership of a building known as the former Runnymeade Playhouse in Oakwood and turned it over to Monsanto for its use on the Dayton Project. Monsanto operated a laboratory at this second location and referred to it as Unit IV. When project needs again increased beyond the combined capacity of Units III and IV, preparations were made to move the entire operation to the present-day Mound facility in Miamisburg, Ohio. Processing began at Mound in February 1949. By the end of 1950, after either decontamination or demolition, the AEC released its ownership interest in the properties back to the original owners.

Throughout the time period for this facility from 1943 through 1950, the potential for beryllium exposure existed at this site.

The Dayton Project in Dayton, Ohio began in 1943 to investigate the chemistry and metallurgy of polonium as part of the Manhattan Project.  By 1946, it was apparent that a larger, more permanent facility was needed and work began on Mound Laboratory in Miamisburg Ohio.  When Mound was completed the Dayton Project work transferred there and work at the Dayton Project locations ended in 1948. In 1944 the US government condemned and took possession  of the Talbott family's Runnymede Playhouse in a Court Order by the US District Court, Southern District of Ohio Civil No. 319.  The change of ownership was recorded in Montgomery County's deed book.  The Court Order also dictated the terms of the cleanup that the government was required to perform on the property.

 

Workers at the Dayton Project now covered under Part E

EECAP's investigation into the Dayton Project has paid off!  On March 6, 2012 the final step was completed in designating the Dayton Project a DOE site.  This means that all workers at Units 1, 3, and 4 are covered for both Part B and Part E so these workers are eligible to file claims for illnesses caused by chemicals as well as radiation.  The Dayton Daily News reported on this on March 6.  EECAP sent out a press release on the issue.

EECAP has generated a partial list of chemicals at the Dayton Project.  This list is taken from DOE documents which prove the chemical was on site.  Please contact EECAP for further information.  We will be happy to supply you with copies of the documents to use in your claim.  EECAP will also be supplying DOL with this list and copies of the documents within a short time.  We will be adding to this list as time permits.

Many thanks to the good people at the Mound Museum in Miamisburg Ohio for the bulk of the Dayton Project documents.

 

Alternative Name

  • Monsanto Chemical Company
  • Runnymeade Playhouse
  • Old Schoolhouse
  • Units I, III and IV
  • Warehouse
  • Unit II
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    Army Corps of Engineers

    The Army Corps of Engineers has a webpage for Dayton Project.

     

    DOE

    DOE Legacy Management has a webpage on the Dayton Project's FUSRAP status.

    DOE Contractors

  • Monsanto Chemical Company (1943-1950)
  • R.G. Mattern (1950)
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    DOL

    DOL lists Dayton Project statistics two ways.  For the years where just AWE workers were covered it is listed as Monsanto Chemical.  They also list statistics for the Dayton Project.  DOL also has a Dayton Project Site Exposure Matrix.

     

    EPA

    The EPA discusses the Dayton Project and gives the locations of the various units and their FUSRAP (Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program) status.

     

    NIOSH

    NIOSH provides statistics on dose reconstructions for the Dayton Project.

     

    Other

  • Wikipedia has a Dayton Project webpage.
  • The Wall Street Journal Waste Lands series provides information on the Dayton Project Units 3 and 4.  They also provide information on Unit I and Warehouse
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    Dayton Project Videos

  • Dayton Project Worker Interviews - The Early Years
  • Mary Lou Curtis, 2012 (starts at 8:32)
  • George Mahfouz Interview, 2005
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    Dayton Project Documents

    Dayton Project History

  • History of the Dayton Project 
  • Historical Resume of Monsanto's Operation of the Dayton Project Sites-Unites 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and Others-Waste Disposal 1943-1980
  • 1943

  • Full Report on the Preparation of Elemental Rhenium
  • Polonium, Unit 3
  • Program on Lead Dioxide Residues
  • Preparation of Elemental Rhenium and Its Analysis
  • 1944

  • Calorimeter for Measurement of Radioactivity
  • Polarographic Analysis of Cold Bismuth Scrub
  • Progress Report on the Preparation of BF3 for Use in Counters
  • Report on Survey on the Monsanto Chemical Company Operations
  • Summary of Research of the Section on Pharmacology
  • Testing for Tellurium
  • 1945

  • Calorimetry Final Report # 28
  • Measurements of Fast Neutron Energies with Proportional Counters in Coincidence
  • Monsanto Chemical Company Unit 4, Oakwood Ohio
  • Polarization Studies
  • A Study of the Quartz Fiber Balance No. 1
  • Summary of Work to Date on Volatile Neutron Source
  • Unit 3 Progress Report, February 16-28 1945
  • 1946

  • Alpha Ray Camera for the Study of Alpha Active Deposits
  • Calorimetric Method of Measuring Q
  • Counting Techniques
  • Detection and Measurement of Nuclear Radiation
  • Determination of the Energy of Q’s
  • Dissociation of Bismuth III Oxide
  • Fundamental Electronics
  • General Survey of the Physical Property of Q
  • Low Activity Urine Analysis
  • Maintenance and Repair of Counters
  • Outline of Research of Biology Division
  • Polonium Iodine Ratio
  • Preparation of a Mock Fission Neutron Source
  • Removal of Polonium from Metal Surfaces at Elevated Temperatures
  • Removal of Silver from Bismuth
  • Solubility in Alkali
  • Solubility of Bismuth Nitrate in Nitric Acid and Bismuth Chloride in Hydrochloric Acid
  • Spectrographic Determination of Silver in Bismuth
  • Study of the Quartz Fiber Balance No. 2
  • Suggested Problems for Study on Slug Handling
  • Theory of Alpha Activity
  • Thermodynamic Properties of Q
  • Unit 3 Physics Progress Report for December 16-31 1947
  • Unit 3 Progress Report for September 16-30 1946
  • Unit 4 Progress Report for September 16-30 1946
  • Unit 3 Progress Report for October 16-31 1946
  • Unit 4 Progress Report for October 16-31 1946
  • Unit 3 Progress Report for November 1-15 1946
  • Unit 3 Progress Report for November 15-30 1946
  • Unit 4 Progress Report for November 16-30 1946
  • Unit 3 Progress Report for December 1-15 1946
  • Unit 3 Production Progress Report for December 16-31 1947
  • Units 3 & 4 Progress Report for December 1-15 1946
  • X-Ray Study of the Crystal Structure of Polonium and Some of Its Compounds
  • 1947

  • Accomplishments of Units 3 and 4 of Monsanto’s Central Research Department, Dayton, Ohio for the Period January 1 to November 15, 1947
  • Application of the Type 6 Filter Paper for the Removal of Airborne Contamination Pencil Type Ionization Chambers
  • Hanford Visit to Monsanto Dayton
  • Model C1T1B Fast Neutron Monitor
  • Monsanto Chemical Company Central Research Department Directory
  • Report on Investigation of Materials for the Fume Ventilation System
  • Tabulation of Isotopes in Order of Half-Life
  • Toxicity of Selenium
  • Toxicity of Tellurium
  • Unit 3 Calorimetric Progress Report for March 1-15 1947
  • Unit 3 Calorimetric Progress Report for December 16-31 1947
  • Unit 3 Progress Report for January 1-15 1947
  • Unit 3 Electrodeposition Progress Report for May 16-31 1947
  • Unit 3 Electrodeposition Progress Report for November 16-30 1947
  • Unit 3 Physics Progress Report for November 16-30 1947
  • Unit 3 Production Progress Report for November 16-30 1947
  • Unit 3 Progress Report for May 16-31 1947
  • Unit 4 Progress Report for November 16-30 1947
  • Unit 4 Progress Report for December 16-31 1947
  • Units 3 and 4 Health Research Progress Report November 1947
  • Unit 3 Health Division Research Personnel December 1947
  • Units 3 and 4 Health Research Progress Report December 1947
  • Units 3 and 4 Monthly Health Report November 1947
  • Visit to Monsanto Dayton

    1948

  • Acute Exposure to Polonium
  • Biological and Health Research Program for Fiscal Year 1949
  • Calorimetric Determination of Silver in Very Low Concentrations in Bismuth
  • Calorimetry Progress Report February 16-29 1948
  • Calorimetry Progress Report for March 1948
  • Calorimetry Progress Report for May 1948
  • Calorimetry Progress Report for September 1948
  • Coefficient of Expansion of Polonium
  • Comments on Handling of Radioactive Substances
  • Control Section Progress Report for April 1948
  • Current Research Problems Unit 3
  • Density of Metallic Polonium
  • Electrodeposition Research Progress Report for May 1948
  • Electrodeposition Research Progress Report for June 1948
  • Electrodeposition Research Progress Report for July 1948
  • Evaporation Method of Preparing Mock Fission and Boron Neutron Sources
  • Future Work Load
  • Gamma Scale Chemistry Progress Report for April 1948
  • Gamma Scale Chemistry Progress Report for June 1948
  • Gamma Scale Chemistry Progress Report for Year Ending June 1948
  • Gamma Scale Chemistry Progress Report for July 1948
  • General Chemistry Progress Report for May 1948
  • General Chemistry Progress Report for June 1948
  • General Chemistry Progress Report for July 1948
  • Geometrical Properties of the Hanson Long Tube Neutron Counter
  • Health Division Research Progress Report for July 1948
  • Heat Strengthened Plate Glass (Herculite) for Bench Top Surfacing
  • Identification of Complex Ions in Solution by Spectrophotometric Measurements
  • Laboratory Instrument Design Progress Report for July 1948
  • Lethal Dose Calculations
  • Liquid Waste Disposal at Mound Laboratory
  • Living with Atomic Energy
  • Marlite Flowsheet
  • Monthly Health Report, Units 3, 4, & 5 for January 1948
  • Neutron Source Progress Report for February 16-29 1948
  • Neutron Source Progress Report for April 1948
  • Neutron Source Progress Report for June 1948
  • New Device for Filtering Hydrofluoric Acid and Other Strong Acids
  • Personnel Exposed to Beryllium as of Jan. 1 1948
  • Personnel Exposed to Beryllium March 1948
  • Physics Group Progress Report for April 1948
  • Physics Group Progress Report for May 1948
  • Physics Group Progress Report for July 1948
  • Physics Progress Report February 16-29 1948
  • Physics Progress Report March 1948
  • Physics Progress Report June 1948
  • Process Research Progress Report for February 16-29 1948
  • Process Research Progress Report for July 1948
  • Process Section Progress Report for April 1948
  • Production Research Progress Report February 16-29 1948
  • Quartz Fiber Research Progress Report for February 16-29 1948
  • Quartz Fiber Research Progress Report for March 1948
  • Quartz Fiber Research Progress Report for June 1948
  • Reduction of Microphonics in the Parallel Plate Alpha Chamber
  • Suggested Problems for Study Unit 3
  • Supplemental Report on Miami Valley Atomic Energy Show, Miamisburg Ohio
  • Tentative Report on the Waste Disposal Problem
  • Unit 3 Electrodeposition Research Group Progress Report Jan. 16-31-1948
  • Unit 3 Electrodeposition Research Group Progress Report March 1948
  • Unit 3 Health Research Progress Report January 1-15 1948
  • Unit 3 Information Papers Published
  • Unit 3 Process Research Group Progress Report January 1-15 1948
  • Unit 3 Neutron Source Progress Report for January 16-31 1948
  • Unit 3 Neutron Source Progress Report March 1948
  • Unit 3 Production Research Progress Report Jan 16-31 1948
  • Unit 3 Progress Report, January 1-15 1948
  • Unit 3 Calorimetry Progress Report, January 16-31 1948
  • Unit 4 Control Section Progress Report for February 1-15 1948
  • Unit 4 Design Progress Report for February 1-15 1948
  • Unit 3 Physics Progress Report, January 16-31 1948
  • Unit 3 Production Electrolysis Studies
  • Unit 3 Production Progress Report for January 16-31 1948
  • Unit 3 Process Research Group Progress Report for January 1-15 1948
  • Unit 4 Process Progress Report for January 1-15 1948
  • Unit 4 Process Progress Report for January 16-31 1948
  • Unit 4 Process Progress Report for February 1-15 1948
  • Unit 3 Process Research Progress Report March 1948
  • Unit 3 Production Electrolysis Studies 5
  • Unit 3 Progress Report February 1-15 1948
  • Units 3, 4, & 5 Monthly Information Health Report for January 1948
  • Units 3, 4, & 5 Monthly Information Health Report March 1948
  • Unit 4 Process Section Progress Report February 1-15 1948
  • Clean-Up

  • Combined Preliminary Assessment/Site Inspection Report, Dayton Unit 1, Revision 3
  • Completion Report on Unit 3, report 1
  • Completion Report for Disposal of Unit 4, Runnymeade Road and Dixon Ave, Dayton, Ohio
  • Contamination and Clean up of Unit 3
  • Directive for the Demolition and Removal of Commission-owned Facilities from the Talbot Corporation Property
  • Dismantling of Runnymeade
  • Final Disposal of Unit IV Materials
  • Final Survey--Unit III
  • Preliminary Assessment Bonebrake Theological Seminary, Dayton Unit 3
  • Preliminary Assessment Runnymeade Playhouse, Dayton, Unit 4
  • PRS 322 Dayton Unit 3 Soils Screening Results
  • PRS 323 Dayton Unit 4 Soils Screening Results
  • Radiological Scoping Survey of Former Monsanto Facilities Unit 3 and Warehouse
  • Runnymeade Playhouse Decontamination Breakdown by Rooms
  • Site Inspection Report, Dayton Unit 3
  • Site Inspection Report Runnymede Playhouse, Dayton Unit 4
  • Dayton Unit 1 Site Eligibility Letter
  • Dayton Unit 3 Site Eligibility Letter
  • Dayton Unit 4 Site Eligibility Letter
  • Dayton Warehouse Eligibility Letter
  • Surface Soils Investigation PRS 322 Unit 3
  • Unit 3 and 4 Scrap Burial
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     Photos courtesy of DOE and Library of Congress