EEOICPA Lake Ontario Ordnance Works

Documents, EPA, NIOSH, DOL, DOE

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 Lake Ontario Ordnance Works, Niagara Falls New York

 

Lake Ontario Ordnance WorksLake Ontario Ordnance Works

Lake Ontario Ordnance Works is a DOE facility for 1944-1997 so workers are eligible to file for Part B and Part E claims.

Lake Ontario has a Special Exposure Cohort for workers with with specific cancers and at least 250 days employment between January 1, 1944 to December 31, 1953.

In 1944, the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) obtained a portion of the Lake Ontario Ordnance Works (LOOW) from the Department of Defense (DOD) for storage of low-grade radioactive residues resulting from pitchblende ore processing at the Linde Air Products facility. In 1948, when the DOD decommissioned the LOOW, the AEC acquired 1511 acres of the site, including the original storage areas. The AEC declared most of this property as excess in 1955, and by 1968 the General Services Administration was able to dispose of 1298 acres, with 213 acres remaining under AEC control. In 1975, additional property was transferred to the town of Lewiston, leaving the present 191-acre site. The DOE portion of the site became known as the Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS). The site remained under DOE control until 1997 when it was transferred to the Corps of Engineers under the FUSRAP program.

Following World War II, Linde’s refinery was decommissioned and contaminated equipment was disposed at the LOOW. Contaminated materials from other MED/AEC facilities were also shipped to LOOW for disposal. Beginning in 1949, residues from operations at the Mallinckrodt Chemical Works were shipped to LOOW for storage. During the early 1950’s, the AEC portion of the LOOW was also used for interim storage of uranium and thorium billets and rods being processed by various New York companies.

During 1953-1954, the AEC constructed a boron isotope separation plant at the LOOW, which began operations in 1954. The operating contractor for this plant was the Hooker Electrochemical Company which referred to it as Plant 31 (P-31).. In 1958, the facility was placed on stand-by and a maintenance contractor, Page Airways, was employed for routine surveillance. The operation was restarted in 1964, with Nuclear Materials and Equipment Company as the operating contractor. In 1971, the boron facility was again placed on stand-by with National Lead Company of Ohio (NLO) as the caretaker. In 1981, Bechtel National took over the caretaker contract and began plans for remedial work at the site. Clean-up began in 1982.

 

Alternative Name

  • LOOW
  • Niagara Falls Storage Site (NFSS)
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    DOE

    DOE lists Lake Ontario Ordnance as a covered EEOICPA facility.

    DOE Contractors

  • Hooker Electrochemical (1953-1958)
  • Page Airways (1958-1964)
  • Nuclear Materials and Equipment Company (NUMEC) (1964-1971)
  • National Lead Company of Ohio (1971-1981)
  • Bechtel National (1981-1997) 
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    DOL

    DOL provides Part B and Part E statistics for Lake Ontario Ordnance as well as a Site Exposure Matrix.

    NIOSH

    NIOSH lists statistics for Lake Ontarion dose reconstructions

     Other

    Wikipedia has a page on Lake Ontario.

     

     

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     Photos courtesy of DOE and Library of Congress